What Is Nystatin Used For?

Nystatin was founded in 1950, originally named Fungicidin. It is an antifungal medication of the polyene variety, which derives from the bacterium Streptomyces noursei. So, what is nystatin used for? Is there anything else that you should take special cate while taking the medicine? Continue reading to find out.

What Is Nystatin Used For?

Nystatin is often used in the treatment of skin infections caused by fungi. This is due to the fact that the medication works to stop the fungus' growth. It comes in a variety of forms, and can be taken as a capsule, tablet, or liquid, to be consumed orally; a pastille, or soft lozenge, which dissolves when inserted into the mouth; or a cream and a tablet that is used by inserting into the vagina; or an ointment, powder, or cream that is applied to the surface of the skin.

How Does It Work?

The medication works by messing with the cell membranes of fungi and yeast. It binds to a substance known as ergosterol (which is vital to fungi's longevity and survival) causing a disruption in the cell membranes. The medication essentially causes holes to develop within the membranes of the fungi or yeast cells, causing the fungi cells to leak out essential constituents, which,as a result, kills and treats the infection.

What You Should Know Before Using Nystatin

It is possible that certain medical conditions can affect nystatin effectiveness and interact with the medication. You should always speak with your pharmacist or doctor before using this medication, especially if the following is true:

  • If you are known to be allergic to any kid of medication, particularly nystatin.
  • If you are currently on a course of prescription medications and non-prescription medications, including vitamin supplements.
  • If you are carrying a baby, plan to get pregnant, or are currently breast feeding. You should also speak with a health care professional if you become pregnant whilst taking the medication.

How to Use Nystatin

Now you know the answer to "what is nystatin used for," it is equally important to know how to use the medication properly. You should always follow the directions on the packaging of the medication, and speak with a health care professional if you are unsure what to do. Never exceed the recommended dose, and speak with your doctor if you do. The following should be used as guidelines for how to use nystatin:

1. Lozenges (Pastilles)

Place the medication into your mouth and ensure not to chew or swallow it. Allow the medication to dissolve.You should still use the medication for at least 2 days even your symptoms disappear.

2. Nystatin Liquid

For infections in the mouth, this medication should be applied around 5 fives a day; for infection affecting the intestinal tract, it's about 3 times a day. The bottle should be shaken well before you take the medication. When treating an infection of the mouth, place half a dose as directed on each side of your mouth, and allow it to remain there for some time, or you can swish it around your mouth for several minutes before proceeding to swallow the liquid.

3. Nystatin Skin Ointment or Cream

This type of medication is usually applied to the affected area several times a day in the treatment of skin infections. Ensure that you wash the area before applying the medication, and make sure that it is properly and thoroughly massaged into the skin.

4. Nystatin Powder

This is often used to treat infection pertaining to the foot, which is done by shaking the powder inside the shoe, sock, and also on the feet.

5. Nystatin Vaginal Tablets and Cream

This medication is typically used to treat vaginal infections, and appliedfor once ortwice a day. The medication will provide detailed instructions for use, and any concerns should be expressed to your health care provider or pharmacist. The medication should be used even after the symptoms have cleared, for up to forty-eight hours.

  • To apply the medication, first you have to fill the applicator provided to the indicated level.
  • Then lie on your back, knees apart and draw upward.
  • Gently push the applicator into the vagina, and push the end of the device (plunger) to allow the release of the medication.
  • Remove the applicator, then wash it and your hands thoroughly with soapy water.

Ensure that you do not use a tampon whilst using the medication, as this will affect its effectiveness. You may use a sanitary towel to prevent your clothing from becoming stained. You should, however, continue using the medication even if you begin your menstrual period.

Are There Any Side Effects?

Knowing what is Nystatin used for is not enough, as with most medications, the use of nystatin may cause some side effects, although you may experience none, some possible side effects of nystatin are:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Irritation in the mouth
  • Itching
  • Burning
  • Diarrhoea
  • Stomach pain
  • Rashes
  • Allergic reactions (may be evident with swelling and reactions on the skin)

If you experience one or more of the side effects listed above when taking nystatin, then you should consult your doctor.

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