Bumps Beneath Tongue: Causes and Remedies

Having red bumps on or beneath your tongue can certainly make you feel concerned. However, they do not always indicate a disease. They still deserve your attention because they may be the outcome of eating too many sugary or acidic foods. In some cases, these red bumps under tongue can be quite painful and may not go away after taking homecare measures. Let's find out what to do to deal with the situation.

Bumps That Will Heal on Their Own

You may have many different types of bumps under your tongue. They can be nothing more than a nuisance or they may indicate a serious underlying disease. Here is a bit about the bumps that usually do not require any treatment.

  • Cuisines: You usually get these sore bumps because of eating very salty, acidic, spicy, or sugar foods. They may also be the result of consuming very hot food or water. These bumps are usually red and tender and cause severe pain. Thankfully, they usually go away without any medical intervention.
  • Tongue Injury: Sore bumps under your tongue can be due to trauma. Sometimes, accidental biting when eating could lead to these bumps. They are usually red and painful but go away without treatment.
  • Exostosis: You develop this condition when an additional bone develops in your lower jaw. This additional bone can put pressure on the bottom area of your tongue and lead to the development of reddish bumps. These bumps usually heal on their own but would reoccur.
  • Mucocele Growth: It refers to a whiting air pouch filled with saliva. You develop it under your tongue because of any break in the salivary glands. That leaked saliva accumulates in the form of bump and causes pain and discomfort. After the development of these bumps, your immune system activates and usually corrects this situation. You may require surgery in case of constant saliva leakage.

Bumps That Require Treatment

Unlike Exostosis, mucocele growth, and cuisines, some bumps do not go away and call for medical attention. For instance:

  • Canker Sores: Also called mouth ulcers, these sores are quite common and are the result of a viral infection. You may also develop canker sores after having oral thrush. Canker sores could also be the result of vitamin deficiencies, allergic reactions, hereditary disorders, and immunity disorders.
  • Body Heat: You may develop pus-filled heat boils anywhere one the body due to excessive body heat. You may also develop these sores under your tongue. Treatment usually involves lowering your body heat by increasing your intake of water. Eating onions may also help in this regard.
  • Oral Lichen Planus: This autoimmune inflammatory disease affects the oral mucus lining and leads to the development of bumps under tongue. You may develop this disease because infection by hepatitis C or B, allergic reaction to foods, flu vaccines, arthritis, hypertension, some heart disorders, and unusual habits like cheeks or tongue biting. Use of mouthwash, daily brushing and good oral hygiene practices may help treat and prevent oral lichen planus.
  • Leukoplakia: Chewing tobacco and betel leaves may lead to the development of this condition. Avoiding betel leaves and tobacco may help, but you also need to take medications and change your lifestyle as well.
  • Cancer: A bump that does not go away may be cancerous. Treatment options include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or surgery.

Remedies to Bring Instant Relief

Identifying the underlying cause is important to determine the best treatment option, but some home remedies may help find some relief.

1.    Drink Cool Liquids

Drinking cold liquids may help offer some relief because it reduces associated inflammation. Another good thing about drinking cold liquids is that it helps keep you hydrated. Be sure to drink at least 9 cups of water; however, men should drink up to 13 cups of water. You should drink 16 cups a day in case you are pregnant.

2.    Suck on Ice

Again, sucking on ice chips, ice cubes, or ice pops may help relieve inflammation and reduce pain at the same time. Sucking on an ice chip or cube may also numb the area and alleviate pain at the same time. This is also going to help by keeping you hydrated. You can repeat icing several times a day to get better results.

3.    Enjoy Soothing Foods

It may help you to eat soothing foods when you have bumps under tongue. Yogurt is a good choice, especially when you eat after keeping it in the refrigerator for a few minutes. Similarly, milk and ice cream may also help to some extent.

4.    Avoid Foods That Increase Discomfort

You should avoid anything that irritates your bump and increases pain or inflammation. Acidic foods, spicy foods, or tobacco can increase irritation. You should avoid acidic drinks and foods, such as orange juice, tomatoes, coffee, and sodas. It is also important to stay away from chili powder, pepper, mint, and cinnamon. You may also have to avoid certain foods if they trigger an allergic reaction.

5.    Improve Oral Health

You should brush your teeth daily and floss without fail to avoid bumps and sores under your tongue. A clean mouth is less likely to develop tongue bumps. You should brush after each meal and ensure that there is no debris in your teeth.

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